Saturday, 25 May 2002

25/5/02 - 15/6/02 Sulawesi & Halmahera, Indonesia

Sulawesi & Halmahera, 25th May 2002 to 15th June 2002, David & John F. Cooper

Wallacea is a transitional zone between the Oriental and Australasian faunal realms. At 379, Sulawesi, formerly known as Celebes, has the smallest numbers of bird species of any of the seven biogeographic regions in Indonesia, though hosts 96 species not shared with other regions. Birdlife International has identified 24 Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs) within Indonesia, of which our trip to Sulawesi and Halmahera visited the following:
Sulawesi lowlands within the Sulawesi Biogeographic Region
Sulawesi mountains within the Sulawesi Biogeographic Region
North Moluccas within the Maluku Biogeographic Region
 
ITINERARY

25th May:   Arrived Manado after midday and driven to Tangkoko NP where we met Howard & Thais Armstrong. Late afternoon visit to a grassy clearing staying until after dusk.
26th May:   All day spent in lowland areas of Tangkoko NP.
27th May:   Climbed to c.1,100m on the volcano in Tangkoko NP. Left Tangkoko NP at 4pm for the Hotel Minahassa in Manado.
28th May:   Early morning Merpati flight from Manado to Palu. Driven to a river crossing where we birded the scrubby habitat before continuing to Lore Lindu NP in time for some birding along the upper section of the Dongi-Dongi road until after dark before continuing to Wuasa.
29th May:   Driven to the top of the Anaso track surviving one of our jeeps bursting into flames half-way up. Spent most of the morning around the summit before walking down virtually the entire track in the afternoon.
30th May:   Morning spent at Lake Tambine then walking the road past the base of the Anaso track before a brief foray along the Anaso track halted by a torrential downpour. Spent the remainder of the daylight walking the  road from Lake Tambine in the direction of Wuasa.
31st May:   Spent the morning in the Wuasa forest with a brief lunchtime visit to some nearby paddies before returning to the Lake Tambine area.
1st June: Early morning spent at Lake Tambine before being driven to the summit of the Anaso track from where we again walked down.
2nd June:   Early morning again at Lake Tambine before walking the road in the direction of Dongi-Dongi. Mid-afternoon rain so drove back to Palu.
3rd June: Early morning flight to Manado. Left Manado at 1.15pm arriving at Ternate at 4pm.
4th June: The morning spent getting our permission to visit Halmahera. Took a speedboat across to Sidangoli from where we were drove to KBP from where we walked to the top of the ridge.
5th June: Spent the morning along the Standardwing trail, then walked the logging track before returning to the Standardwing trail hitching a lift on the back of a passing lorry after dark back to our accomodation.
6th June: Spent the morning along the Standardwing trail before hitching a ride from a passing motorbike to the top of the ridge. Walked down the road to the accommodation before walking back up to the ridge late afternoon.
7th June: Usual morning along the Standardwing trail before hitching a ride in a passing van to the ridge from where we walked back to our accommodation. Spent evening on road viewing adjacent ridge.
8th June: Chartered a longboat to tour the Sidangoli mangroves for a couple of hours. Took a speedboat back to Ternate. Visited Lake Tolire Besar and a couple of other nearby lakes until dusk.
9th June: Left Ternate at 7.30am for Manado before being driven to Dumoga- bone NP stopping in an area of paddies en-route.
10th June:    Spent the morning at Tambun though heavy rain hampered birding.  Spent the afternoon along the river near Toraut.
11th June:    Spent the morning at Tambun returning to the river at Toraut for the afternoon.
12th June:    Spent the early morning in the vicinity of the dam downstream of Toraut before walking a trail through a small patch of forest behind the Toraut HQ before returning to the dam area of the river. Drove late afternoon to a town nearer to Gunung Ambang.
13th June:    Walked to the forest at Gunung Ambang spending most of the morning there before driving to Manado and then onto Tangkoko NP arriving after dark.
14th June:    Spent much of the day in the lowland forest at Tangkoko NP before leaving for Manado stopping in some roadside forest en-route.
15th June:    Left Manado just after midday.
 
SYSTEMATIC LIST

Little Grebe - Tachybaptus ruficollis tricolor
Around 20 in full breeding plumage were seen and heard calling on Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Frigatebird sp. - Fregata sp.
A spiral of 4 were seen from the speedboat between Ternate and Sidangoli on the 4th and c.25 were seen off Ternate from the coast near to Lake Tolire on the 8th.
Lesser Frigatebird - Fregata ariel
Somewhat surprisingly a single individual was seen flying over Lake Tolire Besar on the 8th.
Darter - Anhinga melanogaster melanogaster
A single individual was seen on Lake Tambine at Lore Lindu NP on both the 30th and the 2nd. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Purple Heron - Ardea purpurea manilensis
Singles were seen in paddies at Wuasa on the 31st and in paddies on the drive from Lore Lindu to Palu on the 2nd. Around 5 were seen in paddies on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th and whilst in the Dumoga-bone NP area we saw 1 on the 10th and 2 on the 11th.
Great Egret - Egretta alba modesta
Singles were seen on the 8th, 9th and 10th.
Intermediate Egret - Egretta intermedia plumifera
A single individual was seen on our arrival at Ternate airport on the 3rd and 2 were seen in paddies between Manado and Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th.
Little Egret - Egretta garzetta nigripes
We saw around 10 on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th and 2 on the drive from Ambang to Manado on the 13th.
Cattle Egret - Bubulcus ibis coromandus
We saw 4 near Manado on the 25th, up to 8 were seen on two dates in the Wuasa paddies and up to 50 were seen daily on Sulawesi from the 9th to the 13th
Javan Pond-Heron - Ardeola speciosa speciosa
Around 6 were seen between Palu and Lore Lindu NP on the 28th with around the same number being seen on the return journey on the 2nd. Around 15 were seen in paddies on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th and 1 was seen on the drive from Ambang to Manado on the 13th.
Little Heron - Butorides striatus moluccarum
We saw 2 in mangroves at Sidangoli on the 8th.
Rufous Night-Heron - Nycticorax caledonicus hilli
We saw 4 at a lake on Ternate on the 8th and 1 between Manado and Dumoga-bone on the 9th.
Cinnamon Bittern - Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Singles were seen in the Wuasa paddies on the 31st and on three dates along the river at Toraut.
Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia episcopus neglecta
We saw a party of 4 on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone on the 9th.
Jerdon's Baza - Aviceda jerdoni celebensis
A single immature was seen in flight at the upper end of the Dongi-Dongi road in Lore Lindu NP on the 2nd and 3 were seen in flight above the river downstream of Torout on the 12th.
Barred Honey-Buzzard - Pernis celebensis celebensis
Only definitely identified in Lore Lindu NP where up to 5 were seen on three dates with most seen along the Anaso track and around Lake Tambine.
Brahminy Kite - Haliastur indus intermedius / girrenera
Seen on twelve dates in small numbers including at Tangkoko, Ternate, Halmahera and Dumoga-bone NP.
White-bellied Sea-Eagle - Haliaeetus leucogaster
Singles seen at Tangkoko on the 25th and 14th and on Ternate on the 3rd.
Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle - Spilornis rufipectus
Singles were seen flying over the canopy at the far side of Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 30th and perched beside the road between Tambun and Torout on the 11th.
Spotted Harrier - Circus assimilis
An adult was seen twice over the forest near the dam just downstream of Torout on the 12th.
Variable Goshawk - Accipiter novaehollandiae griseogularis
Singles were seen on three dates at KBP on Halmahera and 1 was seen over a lake on Ternate on the 8th.
Small Sparrowhawk - Accipiter nanus
A single individual showing some signs of immaturity was seen both perched and in flight along the trail into the Wuasa forest on the 31st. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Black Eagle - Ictinaetus malayensis malayensis
Singles were seen in flight and perched at close quarters near Torout on the 11th and nearby on the following day.
Gurney's Eagle - Aquila gurneyi
We saw a pair flying over the canopy of the hillside forest viewed from near the entrance to the logging track at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th and probably 1 of the same pair from our lodge on Halmahera the following day. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Rufous-bellied Eagle - Hieraaetus kienerii formosus
We saw 2 along the upper section of the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 29th and a fine adult over the forest near the dam just downstream of Toraut on the 12th.
Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle - Spizaetus lanceolatus
We saw an adult and a juvenile whilst walking down from the volcano at Tangkoko on the 27th and an immature over the forest near the dam just downstream of Toraut on the 12th.
Spotted Kestrel - Falco moluccensis microbalia / moluccensis
We saw 1 over paddies near the edge of the Wuasa forest on the 31st, up to 2 seen on three dates around KBP on Halmahera and singles in the Toraut area on the 11th and 12th.
Oriental Hobby - Falco severus
Singles were seen along the road near the base of the Anaso track and at Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 30th and 2nd.
Wandering Whistling-Duck - Dendrocygna arcuata arcuata
At Tambun we saw 6 on the 10th and 8 on the 11th.
Sunda Teal - Anas gibberifrons
We saw around 20 in paddies on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th and up to 6 on three dates in the vicinity of the river at Toraut.
Philippine Scrubfowl - Megapodius cumingii gilbertii
A single individual was seen briefly in the forest at Tangkoko on the 14th.
Maleo - Macrocephalon maleo
We heard them at Tambun on the 10th though our search was hampered by heavy rain but were rewarded with fine views of around 5 in the vicinity of the nesting grounds on our return visit on the 11th. This species is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife (2000) who list exploitation and human disturbance as the main threats.
Red Junglefowl - Gallus gallus gallus
A single male was heard vocalising whilst we climbed the volcano in Tangkoko NP on the 27th.
Barred Buttonquail - Turnix suscitator rufilata
We saw a party of 12 flushed from near the riverside downstream of Toraut on the 11th.
Buff-banded Rail - Gallirallus philippensis philippensis / yorki
JFC saw 1 in the paddies at Wuasa on the 31st, singles were seen on two dates at KBP on Halmahera and around 6 were seen on the drive from Tambun to Toraut on the 10th.
Barred Rail - Gallirallus torquatus celebensis
A single individual was seen on the drive from Manado to Tangkoko NP on the 25th, 3 were seen on the drive from Tambun to Toraut on the 10th, c.5 were seen in the Toraut area on the 12th and c.6 were seen on the drive from Tangkoko NP to Manado on the 14th.
White-browed Crake - Poliolimnas cinerea
A single individual was seen at roadside paddies between Manado and Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th.
Isabelline Bush-hen - Amaurornis isabellinus
Singles were seen to fly across the road and briefly in the roadside vegetation between Manado and Tangkoko NP on the 25th, flushed from a grassy clearing in Tangkoko NP on the 26th and amazingly at the roadside whilst driving in the suburbs of Manado on the 27th and a pair allowed excellent views as they dried themselves off in the middle of the road between Tangkoko NP and Manado on the 14th.
White-breasted Waterhen - Amaurornis phoenicurus leucomelanus
A single individual was seen on the drive between Lore Lindu NP and Palu on the 2nd and 3 were seen in the vicinity of the dam downstream of Toraut on the 12th.
Purple Swamphen - Porphyrio porphyrio indicus
We saw around 10 in paddies between Manado and Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th.
Pacific Golden Plover - Pluvialis fulva
A single individual was seen in mangroves at Sidangoli on Halmahera on the 8th.
Whimbrel - Numenius phaeopus variegatus
We saw 2 in mangroves at Sidangoli on Halmahera on the 8th.
Common Tern - Sterna hirundo longipennis
Around 40 were seen in the channel between Halmahera and Ternate on the 8th.
Bridled Tern - Sterna anaethetus anaethetus
We saw 3 from our speedboat crossing between Ternate and Halmahera on the 4th and c.200 between Halmahera and Ternate on the 8th.
Spotted Dove - Streptopelia chinensis tigrina
Seen on five dates typically in degraded habitat with a daily maximum of 6 seen on the 9th.
Brown Cuckoo-Dove - Macropygia amboinensis albicapilla / batchianensis
We saw 3 whilst climbing the volcano in Tangkoko NP, singles in Lore Lindu NP on the 30th and 31st, up to 5 on two dates around KBP on Halmahera and up to 2 on four dates from the 11th to the 14th.
Great Cuckoo-Dove - Reinwardtoena reinwardtii reinwardtii
A single individual was seen in flight along the road at KBP on Halmahera on the 4th.
Sulawesi Black Pigeon - Turacoena manadensis
DC saw 1 near the top of the volcano at Tangkoko NP on the 27th, 2 were seen in flight over the river at Toraut on the 10th with 1 seen at Tambun on the 11th and 1 near Toraut on the 12th.
Emerald Dove - Chalcophaps indica indica
DC saw 1 near the entrance to Tangkoko NP on the 26th.
Stephan's Dove - Chalcophaps stephani wallacei
DC saw 1 at Tambun on the 10th, 1 was seen in the small patch of forest behind the Toraut HQ on the 11th and 3 were seen in the Toraut area on the 12th.
Pink-necked Green Pigeon - Treron vernans purpurea
We saw a party of 3 on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone NP on the 9th.
Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon - Treron griseicauda wallacei
We saw 15 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 14th, 10 at the Wuasa forest on the 31st and up to 6 on three dates in the Tambun and Dumoga-bone NP areas.
Red-eared Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus fischeri
We saw 5 along the road near Lake Tambine and towards Dongi-Dongi from the base of the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 30th.
Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus subgularis epia
A single individual was seen at Tambun on the 10th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Superb Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus superbus temminckii / superbus
DC saw 1 along the track to Lake Tambine on the 30th and 1 was seen in scrubby habitat bordering Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Blue-capped Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus monacha
A single male was seen along the logging track at KBP on the 5th and an adult and immature were seen in habitat bordering Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Grey-headed Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus hyogaster
Up to 5 were seen daily on four dates around KBP on Halmahera.
Black-naped Fruit-Dove - Ptilinopus melanospila melanospila
Single males were seen along the beach track at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and at the edge of the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
White-bellied Imperial Pigeon - Ducula forsteni
Up to 20 were seen daily on five dates in Lore Lindu NP.
Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon - Ducula radiata
Up to 6 were seen daily on three dates in Lore Lindu NP.
Green Imperial Pigeon - Ducula aenea paulina
Up to 10 were seen daily on four dates at Tangkoko NP and up to 20 were seen daily on three dates in the Tambun and Dumoga-bone NP areas.
Spectacled Imperial Pigeon - Ducula perspicillata perspicillata
We saw 2 at KBP on Halmahera on the 7th.
Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon - Ducula basilica basilica
At KBP on Halmahera we saw 2 on the 6th and 1 the following day proving to be JFC's 5,000 species seen in the World.
Pied Imperial Pigeon - Ducula bicolor
Around 15 were seen in the mangroves at Sidangoli on Halmahera on the 8th.
Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon - Ducula luctuosa
We saw 8 at Tangkoko NP on both the 25th and 26th.
Violet-necked Lory - Eos squamata riciniata
At KBP on Halmahera DC saw 1 on the 4th with 2 seen on both the 6th and 7th.
Ornate Lorikeet - Trichoglossus ornatus
Surprisingly just a single individual was seen in a clearing at Tangkoko NP on the 26th.
Yellow-and-Green Lorikeet - Trichoglossus flavoviridis
Up to 10 were seen daily on three dates along the Anaso track and in the Lake Tambine areas of Lore Lindu NP. 
Chattering Lory - Lorius garrulus
Unfortunately just captive birds seen in the night market on Ternate.
Red-flanked Lorikeet - Charmosyna placentis intensior
A pair were seen in flight from near the entrance to the logging track at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
White Cockatoo - Cacatua alba
We saw 1 perched at a great distance at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th, around 35 at KBP including some fine views on the 7th and around 6 on Ternate on the 8th. This species is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife (2000) who list the threats as habitat loss and degradation and exploitation.
Eclectus Parrot - Eclectus roratus vosmaeri
Up to 12 were seen daily on four dates whilst at KBP on Halmahera.
Red-cheeked Parrot - Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicollis
Up to 10 were seen daily on four dates whilst at KBP on Halmahera.
Yellow-breasted Racquet-Tail - Prioniturus flavicans
A pair were seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Golden-mantled Raquet-Tail - Prioniturus platurus platurus
Up to 20 were seen daily on five dates whilst at Lore Lindu NP.
Blue-backed Parrot - Tanygnathus sumatranus sumatranus
Around 7 were seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 1 was seen along the road between Tangkoko NP and Manado on the 14th with others heard at night at Dumoga-bone NP.
Great-billed Parrot - Tanygnathus megalorhynchos megalorhynchos
A single individual was seen in flight at Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Large Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot - Loriculus stigmatus
We saw 2 at the Wuasa forest edge on the 31st, 2 at Tambun on the 11th and 4 near the dam downstream of Toraut on the 12th and 3 along the road between Tangkoko NP and Manado on the 14th.
Small Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot - Loriculus exilis
A loose flock of around 12 were seen along the road between Tangkoko NP and Manado on the 14th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Plaintive Cuckoo - Cacomantis merulinus lanceolatus
A single individual was seen calling in the small patch of forest behind the Toraut HQ on the 12th.
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo - Cacomantis sepulcralis virescens
Singles were seen along the Dongi-dongi road in Lore Lindu NP on the 2nd and at Tambun on the 11th.
Black-billed Koel - Eudynamys melanorhyncha
We saw around 6 in grassy clearings at Tangkoko NP on the 26th.
Yellow-billed Malkoha - Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
We saw 8 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 2 there on the 14th, up to 4 on two dates in the vicinity of Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP and up to 2 on 2 dates in the Dumoga-bone NP areas.
Goliath Coucal - Centropus goliath
We saw a total of 3 just over the ridge-top above KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Lesser Coucal - Centropus bengalensis sarasinorum / medius
Seen on five dates in small numbers being seen at Tangkoko NP, Halmahera, Ternate and Dumoga-bone NP.
Bay Coucal - Centropus celebensis celebensis
We saw 2 along the beach track at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and JFC saw 1 at Toraut on the 10th.
Sulawesi Masked Owl - Tyto rosenbergii rosenbergii
A single individual was seen at dusk in a clearing at Tangkoko NP on the 26th with others heard at the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP and at Toraut.
Sulawesi Scops-Owl - Otus manadensis manadensis
Singles were seen at dusk and at its daytime roost at Tangkoko NP on the 25th and 27th respectively with others heard at Lore Lindu NP and Dumoga-bone NP.
Moluccan Scops-Owl - Otus magicus
A single individual heard at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Heinrich's Nightjar - Eurostopodus diabolicus
At least 4 were seen from the small bridge at the top section of the Dongi-Dongi road on the 28th and the 31st and 1 was seen along the lower section of the Anaso track on the 29th and 1st. This species is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife (2000) who state the threats are habitat loss and degradation.
Great Eared Nightjar - Eurostopodus macrotis macropterus
We saw 4 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 3 at Dumoga-bone NP on the 10th.
Large-tailed Nightjar - Caprimulgus macrurus schlegelii
A single individual was seen along the old road at KBP on the 7th.
Sulawesi Nightjar - Caprimulgus celebensis celebensis
At Tangkoko NP 3 were seen at dusk on the 25th and 2 the following evening.
Uniform Swiftlet - Collocalia vanikorensis waigeuensis
We identified 5 on Ternate on the 3rd, 6 on Halmahera on the 6th and 50 at the Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th and up to 200 were seen on two dates at Toraut.
Moluccan Swiftlet - Collocalia infuscata sororum / infuscata
A single individual was identified at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, around 25 were seen at the Wuasa forest on the 31st and 10 were seen at Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Glossy Swiftlet - Collocalia esculenta manadensis / spilura
Seen on fourteen dates in fair numbers being seen at Tangkoko NP, Lore Lindu NP and on Halmahera.
Purple Needletail - Hirundapus celebensis
A pair put on a fine display for around an hour over Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 31st.
Grey-rumped Tree-Swift - Hemiprocne longipennis wallacii
Seen on eight dates in fair numbers being seen at Tangkoko NP, the Wuasa forest and in the Dumoga-bone areas.
Moustached Tree-Swift - Hemiprocne mystacea confirmata
Seen on Halmahera where a pair were seen at KBP on the 4th and 5 were seen in the Sidangoli mangroves on the 8th.
Green-backed Kingfisher - Actenoides monachus monachus
This superb species was only seen at Tangkoko NP where 2 were seen on the 26th and 3 on the 14th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher - Cittura cyanotis cyanotis
Another superb species only seen at Tangkoko NP where we saw 2 on the 26th, 1 on the 27th and 4 on the 14th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Ruddy Kingfisher - Halcyon coromanda rufa
A single individual was seen at Tangkoko NP on the 14th.
Blue-and-white Kingfisher - Todirhamphus diops
A single female was seen at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Sombre Kingfisher - Todirhamphus funebris
A stunning individual was sat along the roadside in the ridge forest above KBP on Halmahera on the 4th with another heard along the Standardwing trail at KBP. This species is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife (2000) who state the threats as habitat loss and degradation.
Collared Kingfisher - Halcyon chloris chloris
Seen on nine dates in fair numbers being seen at Tangkoko NP, near Palu, the Sidangoli mangroves on Halmahera, the Ternate lakes and the Dumoga-bone NP.
Sacred Kingfisher - Halcyon sanctus sanctus
A single individual was seen at the Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher - Ceyx fallax fallax
A single individual was seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis hispidoides
Up to 2 were seen daily on three dates along the river at Toraut and 2 were seen at a large lake near Ambang on the 13th.
Blue-tailed Bee-Eater - Merops superciliosus philippinus
We saw 10 between Palu and Lore Lindu NP on the 28th, 2 at the Wuasa paddies on the 31st and 2 at Palu airport on the 3rd.
Rainbow Bee-Eater - Merops ornatus
Around 50 were seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th with several high-flying parties apparently moving over, up to 4 seen on three dates on Halmahera and 2 on our return visit to Tangkoko NP on the 14th.
Purple-bearded Bee-eater - Meropogon forsteni
In Lore Lindu NP a pair were seen along the mid-section of the Anaso track close to a nest-hole on the 29th, 1 was seen along the road at the base of the Anaso track on the 30th and a pair were seen near the bottom of the Anaso track on the 1st. Stunning.
Purple-winged Roller - Coracias temminckii
We saw singles, perhaps the same individual, whilst ascending and then descending the volcano at Tangkoko NP on the 27th.
Dollarbird - Eurystomus orientalis
Around 5 were seen in the Sidangoli mangroves on Halmahera on the 8th.
Sulawesi Dwarf Hornbill - Penelopides exarhatus exarhatus
A pair were seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 1 was seen along the road from Tangkoko NP to Manado on the 14th.
Knobbed Hornbill - Aceros cassidix
We saw a pair in the lowland forest at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, around 25 the day we climbed the volcano at Tangkoko NP on the 27th, 2 at Toraut on the 10th and around 8 on our return visit to Tangkoko NP on the 14th.
Blyth's Hornbill - Aceros plicatus ruficollis
Up to 12 were seen daily on four dates at KBP on Halmahera.
Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker - Dendrocopos temminckii
Seen at Lore Lindu generally along the road from Lake Tambine to Dongi-dongi with singles seen on the 30th and 31st and 4 seen on the 2nd.
Ashy Woodpecker - Mulleripicus fulvus fulvus
We saw 3 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 2 there on the 14th and 1 in Lore Lindu NP on the 31st.
Ivory-breasted Pitta - Pitta maxima maxima
Heard daily around KBP on Halmahera with singles seen to fly past us with an incredible gliding Butterfly-like flight along a stream just after dawn on the 5th and the same or another individual seen later the same day in the same general area for around 20 minutes both perched high in trees and hopping around on the ground. Stunning.
Pacific Swallow - Hirundo tahitica javanica
Seen on twelve dates in good numbers being seen at Manado, Tangkoko NP, near Palu, Ternate and Dumoga-bone NP.
Caerulean Cuckoo-Shrike - Coracina temminckii rileyi
Only seen along the road between Lake Tambine and dongi-Dongi in Lore Lindu NP where we saw 1 on the 28th, 8 on the 30th and 2 on the 2nd.
White-rumped Cuckoo-Shrike - Coracina leucopygia
Only seen at Tangkoko NP where we saw 2 in the clearings on the 25th and 4 the next day.
White-bellied Cuckoo-Shrike - Coracina papuensis melanolora
We saw just 4 in the Sidangoli mangroves on the 8th.
Halmahera Cuckoo-Shrike - Coracina parvula
Singles were seen along the road on the ridge above KBP on Halmahera on the 4th and the 6th.
Pygmy Cuckoo-Shrike - Coracina abbotti
In Lore Lindu NP stunning males were seen along the road near Lake Tambine on the 30th and near Dongi-Dongi on the 2nd.
Sulawesi Cicadabird - Coracina morio morio
A party of 4 were seen at the edge of the Wuasa forest on the 31st and 1 was seen near Toraut on the 12th.
Sulawesi Triller - Lalage leucopygialis
We saw 2 along the beach track at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 1 near the edge of the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
Rufous-bellied Triller - Lalage aurea
On Halmahera up to 4 were seen daily on three dates around KBP.
Sooty-headed Bulbul - Pycnonotus aurigaster aurigaster
Around 10 were seen at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, up to 4 were seen on both journeys between Palu and Lore Lindu NP and 2 were seen on the drive from Manado to Dumoga-bone on the 9th.
Golden Bulbul - Ixos affinis chloris
Up to 4 were seen daily on three dates around KBP on Halmahera.
Sulawesi Drongo - Dicrurus montanus
At Lore Lindu NP up to 4 were seen daily on four dates often being encountered around the Lake Tambine area.
Spangled Drongo - Dicrurus bracteatus atrocaeruleus
Up to 2 were seen daily on four dates around KBP on Halmahera.
Hair-crested Drongo - Dicrurus hottentottus leucops
Up to 6 were seen daily on three dates at Tangkoko NP and up to 4 were seen on two dates at Tambun.
Dusky-brown Oriole - Oriolus phaeochromus
Singles were seen along the Standardwing trail at KBP on Halmahera on the 5th and 6th.
Black-naped Oriole - Oriolus chinensis celebensis
Seen on six dates in small numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, Lore Lindu NP and Dumoga-bone NP.
Slender-billed Crow - Corvus enca celebensis
Seen on seven dates in small numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, between Lore Lindu NP and Palu and the Dumoga-bone areas.
Piping Crow - Corvus typicus
A party of around 10 were seen at Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 30th and were heard in the same area the following day.
Long-billed Crow - Corvus validus
On Halmahera we saw 6 around KBP on the 6th and 2 the following day. Impressive.
Torresian Crow - Corvus orru orru
A party of 6 were seen at Lake Tolire Besar on Ternate on the 8th.
Paradise Crow - Lycocorax pyrrhopterus pyrrhopterus
Around 5 were seen at KBP on Halmahera on the 4th and 2 there on the 6th.
Standardwing Bird Of Paradise - Semioptera wallacei
A major disappointment of the trip was the very poor views we obtained of this species at KBP on Halmahera with DC glimpsing a male in what appeared its display flight on the 5th with JFC subsequently seeing it moving around in the canopy above us, the same individual being heard the following morning, and 2 together seen very briefly as they nearly flew into us and seemingly landed directly above us but alas we failed to relocate them, on the 7th.
Sulawesi Babbler - Trichastoma celebense
DC saw 1 at Tangkoko NP on the 25th where 4 were seen the following day, with 6 seen in the forest at Tambun on the 11th and 2 at Toraut the following day.
Malia - Malia grata stresemanni
Only seen in the Lake Tambine area of Lore Lindu NP where up to 10 were seen daily on four dates.
Geomalia - Geomalia heinrichi
Probably the highlight of the trip was a stunning individual on the 29th that appeared on the Anaso track in front of us and then ran at speed away from us rounding a corner in the track. As we chased after it we saw it stood in the middle of the track before it disappeared into the vegetation at the side of the track. After c.5 minutes it re-appeared onto the track before again moving into the same area of vegetation and again repeated this performance. It was last seen as it ran at incredible speed across the track to disappear. Its affinities are uncertain but surely this species is deserving of its own Family. We all agreed on its Ground-Roller - like appearance. This species is listed as Near Threatened by BirdLife (2000).
Great Shortwing - Heinrichia calligyna
Along the Anaso track at Lore Lindu NP a male was seen on the 29th and 2 males and a female were seen on the 1st. Superb.
Sulawesi Thrush - Cataponera turdoides
After a lot of searching we eventually found a single individual in a fruiting tree along the road not far from the base of the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 2nd.
Pied Chat - Saxicola caprata albonotata
A pair were seen at the Wuasa paddies on the 31st.
Flyeater - Gerygone sulphurea flaveola
JFC saw 1 near Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 2nd.
Chestnut-backed Bush-Warbler - Bradypterus castaneus castaneus
At Lore Lindu NP singles were seen on four dates with most encounters along the road at the base of the Anaso track. They would react to pishing though it still often proved difficult to obtain good views.
Mountain Tailorbird - Orthotomus cuculatus
At Lore Lindu NP up to 4 were seen daily on four dates.
Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler - Phylloscopus sarasinorum nesophilus
At Lore Lindu NP up to 5 were seen daily on four dates and 5 were seen at Amabang on the 13th.
Zitting Cisticola - Cisticola juncidis constans
A single individual was seen and heard in the Wuasa paddies on the 31st.
Golden-headed Cisticola - Cisticola exilis rustica
At Amabang we saw 2 singing males whilst walking through the cultivated area between the road and the forest.
Island Verditer Flycatcher - Eumyias panayensis septentrionalis
In Lore Lindu NP up to 4 were seen daily on three dates and at Ambang 6 were seen on the 13th.
Little Pied Flycatcher - Ficedula westermanni westermanni
In Lore Lindu NP up to 2 were seen daily on three dates.
Blue-fronted Flycatcher - Cyornis hoevelli
In Lore Lindu NP up to 2 were seen daily on four dates.
Matinan Flycatcher - Cyornis sanfordi
At Ambang we saw 2 on the 13th including a singing male not far from having entered the forest. This species is listed as Vulnerable by BirdLife International (2000) who state the threats as habitat loss and degradation.
Sulawesi (Mangrove) Blue Flycatcher - Cyornis omissus omissus
Around 5 were seen at the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
Pale-blue (Black-naped) Monarch - Hypothymis puella puella
Seen on six dates in small numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, the Wuasa forest and at Toraut.
White-naped Monarch - Monarcha pileatus pileatus
JFC saw 1 along the Standardwing trail at KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Spectacled Monarch - Monarcha trivirgatus bimaculatus
Only seen around KBP on Halmahera where 4 were seen on the 6th and 2 on the 7th.
Slaty Flycatcher - Myiagra galeata galeata
Only seen around KBP on Halmahera where 1 was seen on the 5th, 4 on the 6th and 1 on the 7th.
Willie Wagtail - Rhipidura leucophrys melaleuca
Around 25 were seen in the Sidangoli mangroves and on Ternate on the 8th.
Rusty-bellied Fantail - Rhipidura teysmanni toradja
At Lore Lindu NP up to 4 were seen on four dates and JFC saw 1 at Ambang on the 13th.
Citrine Flycatcher - Culicicapa helianthea helianthea
A single individual was seen on the volcano at Tangkoko NP on the 27th, up to 5 were seen daily on five dates at Lore Lindu NP and 1 was seen at Ambang on the 13th.
Yellow-flanked Whistler - Hylocitrea bonensis bonensis
At Lore Lindu NP up to 2 were seen daily on four dates with most encounters along the road near Lake Tambine.
Yellow-vented Whistler - Pachycephala sulfuriventer
At Lore Lindu NP up to 4 were seen daily on five dates.
White-breasted Wood-Swallow - Artamus leucorynchus albiventer / leucopygialis
Seen on seven dates in fair numbers being encountered at Lore Lindu NP, the Sidangoli mangroves on Halmahera, Dumoga-bone NP and Tangkoko NP.
Ivory-backed Wood-Swallow - Artamus monachus
Singles were seen whilst descending from the volcano at Tangkoko NP on the 27th, near Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the30th and 31st and 2 were seen across the river from Toraut at Dumoga-bone NP on the 11th.
Moluccan Starling - Aplonis mysolensis mysolensis
A party of 6 were seen just over the ridge above KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Short-tailed Starling - Aplonis minor
A party of 4 were seen near Lake Tambine in Lore Lindu NP on the 2nd.
Asian Glossy Starling - Aplonis panayensis panayensis
A party of 15 were seen in paddies adjacent to the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
Metallic Starling - Aplonis metallica metallica
Up to 25 were seen on three dates on Halmahera.
Sulawesi Crested Myna - Basilornis celebensis
We saw 4 in the Lake Tambine area of Lore Lindu NP on the 30th, 2 in the Wuasa forest on the 31st and 2 along the road between Tangkoko NP and Manado on the 14th.
White-necked Myna - Streptocitta albicollis torquata
We saw a pair at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, 1 in the Wuasa forest on the 31st, a pair at Tambun on the 11th and 1 at Toraut on the 12th.
Fiery-browed Starling - Enodes erythrophris
Commoner than expected with up to 20 seen daily on six dates in Lore Lindu NP and a party of 6 seen at Ambang on the 13th.
Grosbeak Starling - Scissirostrum dubium
Seen on seven dates often in large numbers with colonies seen at Tangkoko NP, Wuasa forest, Tambun and Dumoga-bone NP.
Lesser Sulawesi Honeyeater - Myza celebensis celebensis
Up to 5 were seen daily on five dates at Lore Lindu NP often being encountered in the Lake Tambine area.
Greater Sulawesi Honeyeater - Myza sarasinorum
We saw 5 along the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 29th and 1 there on the 1st.
White-streaked Friarbird - Melitograis gilolensis
A single individual was seen on the ridge above KBP on Halmahera on the 6th and JFC saw 2 at KBP the following day.
Sulawesi Myzomela - Myzomela chloroptera charlotta
Up to 2 were seen daily on three dates in Lore Lindu NP.
Brown-throated Sunbird - Anthreptes malacensis celebensis
We saw 4 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th and 2 at Dumoga-bone NP on the 12th.
Black Sunbird - Nectarinia sericea auriceps / grayi
Up to 2 were seen daily on five dates on Halmahera and 1 was seen at Tambun on the 10th.
Olive-backed Sunbird - Cinnyris jugularis plateni / frenatus
Seen on twelve dates in fair numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, near Palu, on Halmahera and in Dumoga-bone NP.
Crimson Sunbird - Aethopyga siparaja
A single male was seen on the edge of the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
Yellow-sided Flowerpecker - Dicaeum aureolimbatum aureolimbatum
We saw 1 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, 1 near Palu on the 28th, 6 in the Wuasa forest on the 31st, 3 at Tambun on the 10th and 2 at Ambang on the 13th.
Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker - Dicaeum nehrkorni
At Lore Lindu NP we saw 1 on the 28th and 2 on the 30th and at Ambang we saw1 on the 13th.
Flame-breasted Flowerpecker - Dicaeum erythrothorax schistaceiceps
A single immature was seen just beyond the ridge-top above KBP on Halmahera on the 6th.
Grey-sided Flowerpecker - Dicaeum celebicum celebicum
We saw 2 at Tangkoko NP on the 26th, 2 at Dongi-Dongi on the 28th, 8 at the Wuasa forest on the 31st and 2 at Tambun on the 11th.
Mountain White-eye - Zosterops montanus montanus
We saw 6 along the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 29th, 2 near Lake Tambine on the 2nd and 4 at Ambang on the 13th.
Lemon-bellied White-eye - Zosterops chloris
We saw 6 in scrub alongside a river between Palu and Lore Lindu NP on the 28th.
Black-fronted White-eye - Zosterops atrifrons atrifrons
Seen on eight dates in fair numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, Lore Lindu NP, Tambun and Ambang.
Streak-headed Dark-eye - Lophozosterops squamiceps
Only seen in Lore Lindu NP where 1 was seen along the Anaso track on the 29th, 5 were seen along the road at the base of the Anaso track on the 30th and 1 in the same area on the 2nd.
Tree Sparrow - Passer montanus malaccensis
Seen on twelve dates in good numbers being encountered at Manado, near Palu, Wuasa, Ternate and at the Dumoga-bone areas.
Blue-faced Parrot-Finch - Erythrura trichroa sanfordi
DC saw 1 near the bottom of the Anaso track in Lore Lindu NP on the 1st.
Black-faced Munia - Lonchura molucca
Around 10 were seen between Palu and Lore Lindu NP on the 28th, 2 were seen at the Wuasa paddies on the 31st and 2 were seen at Tambun on the 11th.
Scaly-breasted Munia - Lonchura punctulata particeps
Around 8 were seen in the paddies adjacent to the Wuasa forest on the 31st.
Chestnut Munia - Lonchura atricapilla jagori
Seen on six dates in good numbers being encountered at Tangkoko NP, between Palu and Lore Lindu NP, Wuasa, Tambun and the fields below Ambang.
Pale-headed Munia - Lonchura pallida
We saw around 50 at a river crossing between Palu and Lore Lindu NP on the 28th and JFC saw 2 in the same general area on the 2nd.
Mountain Serin - Serinus estherae renatae
We saw around 12 at the summit of the Anaso track on the 29th including some fine orange-red males.
 
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Firstly to Aidan Kelly and Howard & Thais Armstrong who kindly invited us along on their trip. Terry Cooper, Richard Fairbank, Jon Hornbuckle, Jon Riley and Barry Wright all gave us pre-trip assistance and/or advice. Jeremy & Ninny Barnes of Safari Tours in Manado info@manadosafaris.com provided an excellent efficient service booking all our internal flight arrangements and organising our first visit to Tangkoko NP and our stay at the good value Hotel Minahassa in Manado, Royke Mantana lorelindu@yahoo.com who organised and accompanied us to Lore Lindu NP, Dumoga-bone NP and on our second visit to Tangkoko NP, Darwin Sumang dsumang@yahoo.com who quoted for a trip to Lore Lindu NP,  and to Iskandar Abdullah kamu_is@yahoo.com who organised and accompanied us during our time on Halmahera and Ternate. Ed Hagen, Angus Lamont and Kenneth Kee all kindly gave us advice on a proposed stopover in Singapore.
We principally used trip reports by , Roger Ahlman, Clive Byers, Ron Hoff, Jon Hornbuckle, Susan Myers and Mark Sutton.
Other essential books and articles included:
Birdwatching Areas Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi, Jon Riley, OBC Bulletin 32.

Birding Indonesia A Bird-watcher's Guide to the World's Largest Archipelago, Paul Jepson, Periplus Editions 1997.

Where to watch birds in Asia, Nigel Wheatley, Helm 1996.
A Guide to the Birds of Wallacea, Coates, Bishop & Gardner, Dove 1997.
Birds of the World, A Checklist, Clements, Pica Press 2000.
BirdLife International (2000) Threatened Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions.

Sunday, 19 May 2002

19th May 2002 Beachy 6.30am - 1.30pm. Cold light West wind. Overcast becfoming clear and sunny at midday


Great Crested Grebe 1E
Fulmar c.15
Gannet c.5
Cormorant 1
Canada Goose c.15 Cuckmere
Shelduck c.7E
Eider 1E
Kestrel 1
Hobby 2 Beachy, 1 Gypsy Corner, Cuckmere
Peregrine 1
Kittiwake c.5
Auk sp. 1E
Collared Dove 3
Tawny Owl h
Swift c.5
Bee-eater 1 Picked out by JFC circling above Swallows above the Old Belle Toute Lighthouse. Very pointed wings immediately obvious with long pointed bill, yellow throat and blue body seen. Central tail projection noticeable. Called a liquid ‘tulip’ on a single occasion. Pale blaze of golden scapulars seen on single occasion. Circled above us often giving several deep wingbeats before making several long cirular glides at other times closing its wings against its body. Gained height before heading due south at 12.30 until lost to view as a tiny speck out over the Channel. Ex.
Skylark c.4
Sand Martin 1
Swallow c.100
Rock Pipit 1 carrying food
Meadow Pipit c.5
Wren 1
Dunnock c.5 including first juv. of year
Stonechat 2
Whitethroat c.8
Chiffchaff 1h
Jay 1
Starling c.5
House sparrow c.5
Chaffinch c.5
Linnet c.10
Goldfinch c.2
Greenfinch 1
Bullfinch 1 Ditchling Beacon
Corn Bunting 1

Saturday, 18 May 2002

18th May 2002 Beachy 5.30am - 10.00am. Cold strong West wind. Overcast

Fulmar c.15
Gannet c.20E
Kestrel c.2 Lewes
Black-headed Gull c.30E
Skylark 1
Meadow Pipit c.2
Whitethroat c.2
Chiffchaff 1h
Starling c.10 including first juv. of year
Corn Bunting 1

Thursday, 16 May 2002

16th May 2002 Scillonian crossing and St. Mary’s 9.15am - 7.00pm. Light SE clear

Diver sp. 1 from Scillonian
Fulmar c.5
Manx Shearwater c.30
Storm-petrel c.10 from Scillonian with up to c.5 following the boat. White band on underwing clearly seen on most. Ex.
Gannet c.15
Shag 1
Mandarin Duck 1 Porthloo
Wood Duck c.8 Porthloo
Pintail c.2 Porthloo
Red-crested Pochard c.4 Porthloo
Tufted Duck 1 Porthloo
LESSER KESTREL 1  1st summer male Peninis.  Watched hunting in flight for c.2 hours. Plain grey crown and ear coverts with black ‘drop’ below eye. Unmarked rich rufous mantle contrasting with darker primaries. Bold spots on flanks. Central tail feather grey and unmarked, projected well beyond other tail feathers being barred with black terminal band. Narrow pale trailing edge to secondaries. Obvious yellow cere often very noticeable in flight towards us. Legs yellow. Underwings often appearing pale. Ex. UK475
Swift c.2
Swallow c.10

Sunday, 12 May 2002

12th May 2002 Beachy 6.00 - 12.00

Common Sanpiper h on Birling beach
Greenshank 2
Bar-tailed Godwit c.100E
Whimbrel c.35E
Arctic Skua 3E
Little Tern 10E
Sandwich Tern c.50E
Commic Tern c.150E
Turtle Dove 4
Sand Martin 1
Tree Pipit 2
Wheatear 2 probably Greenland
Whinchat 2
Lesser Whitethroat 1
Whitethroat c.20
Reed Warbler 1h
Spotted Flycatcher c.2
Pied Flycatcher 1 male Chat Vale Ex. Showed quite an obvious white rump.
Raven 2 (plus presumably 1 of same over East Dean)

Saturday, 11 May 2002

11th May 2002 Beachy 6.00 - 12.00

Wheatear 1 female probably Greenland
Mistle Thrush 2
Whitethroat c.20
Spotted Flycatcher 1

Friday, 10 May 2002

10th May 2002 Hangleton 5.00pm - 8.30pm. Sunny and calm

Falcon sp. 1 Appeared quite Hobby-like but with brown upperparts, barred on upper side of tail and pale creamy crown. Seen all too briefly. Possibly a male Lanner??
Red-legged Partridge 2
Swift 1
Rustic Bunting utfvo 1

Monday, 6 May 2002

6th May 2002 Beachy 6.45am - 12.30pm. Drizzle at dawn becoming dry but overcast with light E wind. Beachy 5.00pm - 7.30pm. High cloud with sunny spells with light ESE


Diver sp. c.3E
Fulmar c.20
Gannet c.8E
Little Egret 3E
Grey Heron 1E
Scoter c.15E
Kestrel 2
Grey Plover 5E s/p
Bar-tailed Godwit c.150E
Whimbrel c.5E
Pomarine Skua 19E largest pack being 10 including a fine dark-phase individual
Arctic Skua c.10E with some sat on the sea for long periods
Black-headed Gull c.10E
Little Gull 1E
Kittiwake c.50 including a couple of 1st-summer individuals
Sandwich Tern c.50E
Common Tern c.50E
Guillemot c.2 on sea
Auk sp. c.10E
Green Woodpecker h
Skylark c.5
House Martin 2
Meadow Pipit c.10
Yellow Wagtail 1h
Dunnock c.5
Stonechat c.4
Garden Warbler 1
Lesser Whitethroat 1h
Whitethroat c.25
Sedge Warbler 1 + 1h
Willow Warbler c.3
Yellowhammer 2
Corn Bunting 1

Sunday, 5 May 2002

5th May 2002 Petworth area 9.00am - 12.30pm. Cold northerly wind but sunny


Buzzard 2
Pheasant c.5
Coot c.2
Lapwing 1 near Burgess Hill
Little Owl 1
Swallow c.10
House Martin 2
Grey Wagtail 1ex
Wheatear 1
Stonechat 2
Song Thrush 2
Mistle Thrush 2
Garden Warbler 1
Whitethroat c.5
Reed Warbler h Burton Mill Pond
Chiffchaff h
Long-tailed Tit 1
Chaffinch c.4

Saturday, 4 May 2002

4th May 2002 Beachy 6.45am - 11.30am. Cold northerly breeze. Sunny


Fulmar c.25
Gannet 1ad E
Cormorant 1E
Canada Goose c.15 Cuckmere
Sparrowhawk 1
Kestrel 2
Hobby 1
Peregrine 1 male
Pheasant c.5
Black-headed Gull c.20
Stock Dove 2
Collared Dove 2
Skylark 1
Swallow c.10
House Martin 2
Meadow Pipit c.10
Yellow Wagtail 2
Dunnock c.3
Robin 2
Wheatear 2
Whinchat 1 ad. male
Stonechat c.5
Mistle Thrush 2
Blackbird c.4
Blackcap c.5h
Lesser Whitethroat c.3h
Whitethroat c.25
Willow Warbler 1
Chiffchaff 1h
Blue Tit c.2
Jay 1
Jackdaw c.15
Rook c.10
Raven 1 in very heavy wing moult
Starling c.5
House Sparrow c.5
Chaffinch c.3
Linnet c.30
Goldfinch c.10
Yellowhammer 1h
Corn Bunting 1